Stem cell treatment is often called “Future of Medicine” as this treatment can possibly bring cure to every disease of human body. But as layman, we more or less understand stem cells as stem cell transplant. But there is a lot more to stem cell treatment.
Let’s first understand little bit about stem cells before moving to stem cell treatment.
What are stem cells?
Stem cells are basically the raw material of human body. The stem cells when given a right atmosphere either in the body or in the laboratory, divide to give rise to more cells called daughter cells. These daughter cells then either multiply to become new stem cells by the process of self-renewal or become specialized cells that have specific functions, like blood cells, bone cells, brain cells etc. These stem cells are most important as there is no other cell in the body that has this natural ability to generate new cell types.
Why is stem cell treatment required?
As we all know that whenever we get an injury or suffer from a disease, our body’s immune system works hard to help in the situation. The stem cells that are already available reach the place and start their repair function. But in cases of diseases that progress aggressively, an additional supply of stem cells is required to facilitate faster healing. In such conditions, if stem cells are supplied, the person heals faster and better.
What conditions require stem cell therapy?
There is actually no limit of diseases that can be treated with stem cell treatment, but most of this is still under research and nothing concrete has come out. Stem cell treatment is the next step of organ transplantation which promotes the repair of diseased, injured or dysfunctional tissue using stem cells or their derivatives. There can be a variety of conditions where stem cell treatment can bring back organ functioning, but at present only bone marrow or umbilical cord blood are used to treat following disorder:
- Multiple myeloma
- Skin stem cells are used to make skin grafts for patients with severe burns
- Corneal damage after injury like chemical burn
- Research is going on to use stem cells to treat other conditions, including several degenerative diseases such as heart failure.
Stem cell treatment is done by a team of expert surgeons and specialist doctors. The stem cells are taken from patient’s own body, so the chances of rejection are simply negligible.
Stem cell therapy Evaluation Process
Once the patient decides to undergo stem cell therapy, various tests are done before therapy to ensure the safety of the procedure and find out the eligibility of the patient for the therapy. Some of the major tests done are:
- Chest X-ray
- Computed tomography (CT scan) of the chest
- Pulmonary function tests
- Coronary artery catheterization
- Cardiac stress test
- General metabolic laboratory tests
- Coagulation studies
- Complete blood count
- Bone mineral density test
- Pap smear and mammogram (women) etc.
Stem Cell Therapy
The stem cell therapy involves following steps:
- Source extraction: Depending upon the disorder, stem cells are extracted from the source in the body.
- Laboratory procedure: The obtained stem cells are then isolated, analyzed and concentrated in the lab. Also, the stem cells are manipulated to form specific cells like blood cells or nerve cells etc.
- Stem cell implantation: The cells thus formed are implanted into the patient at the site of disorder e.g. in a heart patient, stem cells are implanted in heart muscles.
Post stem cell therapy care
- Patient can go to home soon after the therapy within few hours. Very rarely a night stay is required at the hospital.
- Patient can move around some time after the procedure.
- No restrictions are forced upon the patient.
- Patient is advised to take medications as prescribed.
- If everything goes well, recipient recovers soon after the procedure.
Results of Stem cell therapy
If the stem cell therapy is successful, the stem cells will migrate into the patient’s bone marrow and begin producing new, healthy cells to replace the abnormal cells. A successful stem cell therapy is defined by increase in the blood count levels or control of disease/cancer. In most of the cases, stem cell therapy can increase the survival of the patient. It can partially or in some cases completely cure the illness of the patient. Within one year after stem cell therapy, patient can resume all the major daily activities and feels far better than before.
Benefits of Stem cell therapy
- Complete or partial cure of the illness
- Increased chances of survival and adds years to the life of sufferer
- Patient can usually go back to normal activities within one year
- Improved quality of life of the person
Why MedTours Global?
- We are associated with the best hospitals globally having the emergency infrastructure, fully equipped with the latest technologies and techniques to overcome from every emergency condition.
- Our team of doctors are highly experienced in ‘Emergency Patient Management’ and work together to save the patient.
- Consultation from doctors through e-mail, phone, and video calling.
- Rehabilitation programs are organized to assist complex surgery patients.
- Complete support and assistance being given before and after treatment.
- Cost of treatment is quite less as compared to other service providers.
- We are always ready to offer our helping hand and our services are available Free of Cost 24/7.