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Bone Marrow Transplant Cost Guide

DR.-GANESH-KUMAR-MANI
Dr. Ganesh Kumar Mani
March 1, 2019
Kidney Transplant
Kidney Transplant Cost Guide
April 4, 2019

Bone Marrow Transplant Cost Guide

Bone Marrow Transplant Cost Guide

What is Bone Marrow Transplant?

A Bone Marrow Transplant is technically a surgical procedure to replace damaged or destroyed bone marrow cells with healthy bone marrow stem cells. It is also called a stem cell treatment. There are lots of diseases which can be cured by Bone Marrow Transplant like leukaemia, myeloma, lymphomas, sickle cell anaemia, thalassemia, aplastic anaemia and few more.

What are the steps taken before transplant?

Several steps are performed before Bone Marrow Transplant to ensure that it should be successful to a large extent. The steps are as follows:

  1. Ablative treatment or Ablation therapy: It is given in form of high dose chemo therapy or radiation to kill any cancer cells. It automatically kills all healthy bone marrow cells too and creates a space for new stem cells to grow.
  2. Reduced intensity treatment or Mini Transplant: A lower doses of chemo therapy and radiation is given. This procedure is performed in old people or people with health issues who undergo transplants and are unable to tolerate high-intensity treatments.

What are the types of Stem Cell Transplant?

  1. Autologous transplant: Auto word itself is self-explanatory your stem cells are collected and freezed before you receive any kind of chemo therapy or radiation therapy. Once it’s done the thawed stem cells are injected into your blood again. It takes 24 hours for these stem cells to reach bone marrow. Then they start growing and multiply to create healthy bone marrow again. It is also known as rescue transplant.
  2. Allogenic transplant: Allo itself means other. Stem cells are taken from another person’s body whose HLA (Human Leukocyte Antigen, a tests performed to match a donor with the recipient) matches very closely with the patient. The best donor should have HLA proteins as much like you. A brother and sister is always a good match, which is also known as Sibling transplant. The other type of allogenic transplant is called Haplogenetic transplant. It is a half matched transplant where 50% of HLA matches with the recipient.
  3. Umbilical cord transplant: This type of transplant is allogenic type. Stem cells from a new born baby’s umbilical cord are taken and freezed. The stem cells are frozen and immature so don’t need to be matched. But since quantity is less it takes long time to recover.

From where the donor cells get collected?

Basically it’s performed in two different ways:

  1. Bone marrow harvest

This is a type of minor surgery and is performed under general anaesthesia. The bone marrow is removed through back of both hips. The amount of bone marrow removed is directly proportional to weight of the person using it.

  1. Leukapheresis

Donor is given shots to help stem cell to move into the blood stream. Blood is removed from donor through i.v line. The separation is done through a machine and it separates WBC which has stem cells and rest RBC is returned to the donor.

What are the complications and risks associated with bone marrow transplant?

The procedure is very complex so there is a chance of risk which is associated with the Bone Marrow Transplant.

Complications depend on lot of things, which includes:

  1. The diseases you are being treated for
  2. Age
  3. Overall health
  4. HLA matching
  5. Type of bone marrow transplant was given to you

Risks that may arise are:

  1. Headache
  2. Chills
  3. Fever, flushing
  4. Bad taste in mouth
  5. Hives
  6. Shortness of breath

Complications which may occur after the surgery are:

  1. Anaemia
  2. Bleeding in lungs
  3. Cataract
  4. Formation of clots in small veins of liver, and few more

When do you say it was a successful transplant?

The word successful is perceived differently by lot of people. For a patient it can be measured in terms of blood count as when the blood count returned to normal. Number of red, white blood cells and platelets are reduced in number in a great extent due to transplant for 1 to 2 weeks which increases the risks of infections, bleeding and bouts of tiredness.

Results

A bone marrow can cure a disease and put patient on path of remission. Though it’s one of the toughest journeys successful transplants come a long way to lead a successful life.

What are the cost factors involve in BMT?

Cost in this procedure depends on several factors like:

  • Weight of patient
  • Body immunity of patient
  • Diagnosis
  • Physical examination
  • Types of disease and transplant
  • The specialist like haematologists, oncologists, lab technicians, radiologists, BMT specialist who are involved
  • Laboratory charges
  • Donor cost (In case of haploidentical donors)
  • Investigation charges
  • Hospital fees
  • Room charges
  • Recovery expenses
  • Check-up cost after surgery
  • Post-care transplant treatment

What is the overall approximate cost of BMT?

In India

India is considered a perfect destination for Bone Marrow Treatment because of its affordable cost and use of advanced techniques in the multi-speciality hospitals. Bone Marrow Treatment in India along with food and accommodation costs approximately $20,000-$50,000. The cost variation depends on the type of transplant.

In Turkey

Turkey also attracts foreign patients because of their medical services they give to them. Bone Marrow Treatment in Turkey along with food and accommodation costs approximately $56,700-$70,000. The cost variation depends on the type of transplant.

In Singapore

Hospitals in Singapore are highly advanced in terms of services and comfort. Bone Marrow Treatment in Singapore along with food and accommodation costs approximately $71,242-$91,000. The cost variation depends on the type of transplant.

In Israel

Israel is considered as one of the most advanced medical technology due to which patients tend to travel Israel for several medical purposes. Bone Marrow Treatment in Israel along with food and accommodation costs approximately $73,100-$93,000. The cost variation depends on the type of transplant.

How long patient has to stay?

In country

Firstly, the stay depends on the condition and disease of the patient. Since, the procedure takes time thus, it is recommended for a patient and attendant to stay for at least 3-4 months until recovery in the country where they are travelling for the Bone Marrow Transplantation treatment.

In hospital

Usually, donor and recipient both have to stay in hospital for at least 2 months until recovery. Furthermore, the stay also depends on the type of transplant performed.

Why BMT is costly?

Bone Marrow Transplant is a very complex and highly specialized surgical procedure which requires a team work of experts like haematologists, radiologists, oncologists, laboratory technicians, along with the supporting staff member. The surgery is performed in a multi-speciality hospital so that a person should not get any complications after transplantation.

Why choose MedTours Global for Bone Marrow Transplantation?

India is considered as one of the favourite destination for medical travel purpose. Bone Marrow Treatment is a high-risk surgery and MedTours Global helps their patients in getting complete treatment and makes their medical travel easy. MedTours Global is associated with the best JCI and NABH accredited multi-specialty hospitals globally having an emergency infrastructure, fully equipped with the latest technologies and techniques. MedTours Global also has their own advisory panel which helps the patient in getting the best treatment plan and makes the patient’s journey easy. MedTours Global gives comfort to the patients in providing consultation with doctors through e-mail, phone, and video calling as well. MedTours Global also provides rehabilitation programs for patients who undergo complex surgeries like Bone Marrow Transplant. Case managers of MedTours Global care for each and every patient and provide support and assistance before and after Bone Marrow Transplantation. MedTours Global commits to help their patients with their services and availability Free of Cost 24/7.

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